Few people have not heard of Sparta and the Spartans. They are a symbol of masculinity and courage. Both children and adults know about the exploits of 300 Spartans. Information about the ancient city is included in history textbooks. However, it is served very sparsely and not always reliably. History is overgrown with myths and tall tales that have nothing to do with reality. In this article, we will reveal interesting facts about Sparta that are documented and are not in doubt.
Sparta is an ancient Greek city that was one of the least protected localities in the country. It did not have fortress walls for a long period, so it was easy prey for enemies.
Interesting facts about Sparta are that the locals said that the best defense for Sparta is not powerful fortifications, but brave people who are ready to defend their land. However, this did not prevent Sparta from subsequently erecting defensive structures around the city.
Ancient Sparta was located in a region called – Laconia. The locals were distinguished by the terse and subtle mind. It is thanks to this that the word "conciseness"once arose. When Alexander the great attacked the land, he wrote a letter to the townspeople demanding to surrender. The General promised that if the people did not surrender themselves, and if he managed to break down the barricades, he would destroy Sparta. The locals responded with a succinct "if".
Sparta had a peculiar management system. The king was at the head. Also the settlement was ruled by the elderly people surveyed. Their number was always the same-28. If one of the geronts died, another was chosen in his place. It was a lifetime position.
The king was also not alone. There were always 2 rulers at the head. They were both from the same dynasty. In times of war, one of them led the army and went to fight, the other-remained to rule the city.
He believed that the system should last forever. To achieve this, he went to a trick. The legislator went on a trip to Delphi. Before that, he made the locals promise that they would not change the laws until Lycurgus returned. The legislator himself voluntarily starved himself to death at Delphi. As a result, he never returned to his hometown, and the laws continued to apply for a long period.
Sparta was a major military city. It covers an area of almost 1,200 km2. That is, it occupied slightly less land than modern London.
The Spartans started training from early childhood. Initially, parents taught kids not to be afraid of the dark. Therefore, no one reacted to the crying of babies. They were bathed not in water, but in wine.
Children with physical disabilities were left to die in the wilderness. The babies were not treated or treated. Only strong and healthy children survived.
Almost from birth, babies were subjected to various tests. At first, these were simple experiments. Every year the tests became more complicated.
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As a result, they were able to stand up for themselves and their country, were distinguished by a strong build and endurance.
Until the age of 12, children went without clothes. At the same time, the boys slept in the open air on cold ground at any time of the year.
At the same time, the young Spartans had to be not only seasoned and brave. It was important for them to have the skill of stealing. And it had to be done so that no one noticed. If a young man was caught stealing, he was severely punished. To force the boys to steal, they were restricted in food. As a result, they were forced to find their own food.
Young men who were able to stay alive after undergoing military service at the age of twenty were considered citizens of Sparta and received the title – "spartiate". At the same time, they acquired the rights of a full-fledged citizen only when they reached the age of 30, including the right to start a family. And the man had to marry without fail. The city had a need for constant replenishment of the army at the expense of young blood, since in numerous battles the army inevitably suffered losses.
A man could be called up for war until he reached the age of 60. However, only a few survived to this point. Many died much earlier.
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